John Dewey and Education


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No discussion on educational reform will be complete without looking into the educational philosophy espoused by John Dewey. The progressive education movement was led by John Dewey. Progressive education sought to revolutionize the way students learn from a traditional test-driven, textbook and rote learning-oriented system to an experiential and project-based mode of learning.

His educational philosophy was well laid out in his book Experience and Education. He laid emphasis on a hands-on approach rooted in experience for nurturing and stimulating the curiosity of students. However, he was against a rigid or dogmatic adherence to one particular approach and felt an open approach incorporating the best practices of different approaches towards learning was the way forward. John Dewey voiced his concern that the extremes of progressive and child-centred education which focused on complete freedom could result in chaos and felt a flexible structured approach was important in experiential learning.

John Dewey put forward a theory of experience to be incorporated into the educational approach that he envisioned. In his theory of experience, John Dewey defined two aspects necessary for imparting education in an experiential mode, namely continuity and interaction.

Continuity takes into the account the importance of each prior experience affecting each new experience of a student or individual and shaping their perspectives and insights. John Dewey thus highlighted the importance of experiential learning building on a learner’s prior experience and knowledge and the importance of continuity in a learning experience.

Interaction refers to the level of involvement of the learner to a particular learning experience which directly correlates with the prior experience of the learner and the learner’s own inner motivation, perceptions and goals.

John Dewey’s philosophy on education also laid great emphasis on the psychological and social aspects of a student’s life that had a great impact on his/her experience. Traditional approaches on the other hand neglected this important factor that affected each experience of a student. He felt that the teacher needs to be a facilitator and guide who empathizes with the learner instead of an authoritarian figure who invokes fear in the minds of the learner. He felt that each new experience should arouse the curiosity of the student to develop new interests and broader perspectives and should enable the student to relate to his/her immediate surroundings.

John Dewey’s philosophy of education thus envisioned a dream of education leading to an enhancement of social consciousness for the betterment of society.

A Direct Relation Between School and Education

There are two types of relations between two variables, i-e the direct and indirect relation. The relation between education and school is direct because literacy rate can be augmented by the increasing numbers of school. This bond between school and education is so ancient that we do not find an exact date of its origin. However, its traces can be seen in the countries like ancient Greece, Rome, and China.

Regional usage of the word ‘school’

The application of the word ‘school’ varies from a country to a country. In the United Kingdom, this word refers principally to pre-university institutions, and they can be divided into pre-schools or nursery schools, primary schools, and secondary schools.

It is of less importance that at which level your child is studying, either he is at the primary or the secondary level. The essential part is that the institute, in which he studies, provides him/her the standard quality of education. This is because only right guidance at right age gives one the firm foundation, necessary for his growth and development.

The quality of the UK school and education

The quality of the UK schools is among the best in the world. The prep school, public, private and primary schools have proven that their courses meet strict criteria and now we see that the other countries, especially the third-world countries are also trying to follow the pattern of the UK schools. Why is it so? This is because they provide the effervescent, creative and challenging environment to the pupil so that they can give full vent to their ability and potential.

The education system in the UK is also divided into “key stages” which are as follows: key stage 1 – 5 to 7 years old, key stage 2 – 7 to 11 years old, key stage 3 – 11 to 14 years old, key stage 4 – 14 to 16 years old. The primary education starts at the age of 5, sometimes this stage of education is further split into two levels, i-e infant/nursery schools and junior schools. Next is the secondary education, which takes in the subsequent level of education between the age group of 11-16 years. Then further education and higher education begin at the age of 18 at colleges or universities.

The payback of the dispersal of education

Though, the benefits of education are innumerable but some are cited below;

Education directs one how to think and what to think.
It inflames the mind of young ones with intellect and wisdom.
Enhance the quality of understanding, which later helps and guides oneself to the right choice of the profession.
Education or knowledge plays an important role in the infusion of civilization in the society.
It propagates sophisticated and cultured behaviour in a being.

Put briefly, the purposely end of the education is to wipe out ignorance and immorality from the world and emancipate the human mind with its full velocity and vastness.

Reference and Education – A Way For Better Future

Reference and education is one of the most important things to consider in every person. This will take effect whether you will apply for a job or entering school or university. In order for you to be accepted, they will be referring on your reference and education. One of the most challenging part in a man’s life is when they reach their education. It really means a lot for every person because this is the start of their success in the near future. Parents need to tell their children every essential characteristics of education. Without the level of education, children will most probably be unaware of the changes that life brings.

The basic education that was given by the government have its own rules and regulations that needs to be follow. Parents should hold on to which they will provide their children the basic education needed. They need to encourage their children on the basic aspect of education. This will pursue children to continue their future.

You can have your education in a private or public school or university depending on your choice. This will not matter as long as you have the capacity to withstand all the challenges of being a student. The most important thing is that you have the determination for your success.

Upon entering school for high school or college, they will need to know your reference and education. In that way, screening of every student is evident. There are also tests that will measure your intellectual capacity. You will then have SSAT for secondary schools or sat for colleges. For having better results for this, you will most likely be having SSAT tutoring or sat tutoring.

Sat also known as the scholastic assessment test is globally recognized as an admission test for every student taking college degree. This will evaluate their knowledge about basic subjects like math and English. This is basically used in college admissions and this is considered as the first step to get the right college for you.

To prepare for a sat, you will probably go through a sat tutoring. This will assist you to do better for sat. Your college application will be exceptional upon passing the test. Sat tutoring will cater your needs for every subject involve in the test. In this activity, you will find different techniques on how you will make the test easy.

The same thing for SSAT or (secondary school admission test) is a standard aptitude test intended for secondary students. This will also test their comprehension and mathematical skills. Sat tutoring will provide you a step by step process to solve your stressful math problems and will not give you more time in memorizing tons of vocabularies.

Remember that the most important thing in pursuing your education is that, you have the best and quality reference and education. Whether it is sat or SSAT, the means of tutoring is still the same when it comes to aiming for a better result. Always remember that when you have all the knowledge, don’t forget to apply your skills accompanied by your good attitude so that you can have a good outcome of your plan.